Skip to the main content.
Becoming A Resident Of Gibraltar

6 min read

Becoming A Resident Of Gibraltar

Gibraltar, a British Overseas Territory located at the southern tip of the Iberian Peninsula, has emerged as an attractive destination for individuals seeking residency in a thriving jurisdiction. With its unique blend of rich history, vibrant lifestyle, and favorable tax advantages, Gibraltar presents an enticing opportunity for those looking to establish roots in this dynamic Mediterranean enclave.

Gibraltar is a small country, which makes it perfect for any parents with kids. You can take one to football practice and the other to swimming lessons in minutes. To relax, take your family to many diverse restaurants to eat, a walk on the beach, or enjoy some time at different styled pubs. If that isn’t enough for you and you’re retired, then think about all these benefits and the joy of enjoying your income without worrying about income taxes, as Gibraltar doesn’t have an income tax for pensions.


Climate in Gibraltar

Given its advantageous location at the southernmost tip of Spain, Gibraltar benefits from a mild Mediterranean/subtropical climate that is perfect for the sun-starved traveller. You would have to be extremely unlucky to have any cold or persistent rain during your visit, as the region has long, hot summers and pleasant winters. Gibraltar has two dominant winds: the Levante, which comes in from North Africa and delivers hot, humid air, and the Poniente, which blows in from the Atlantic west and brings cooler air. August's 77°F (25°C) average high temperature barely drops to 14°C in January and February. In the Winter, there is often more rainfall.


Gibraltar provides various pathways for individuals seeking residency

Gibraltar provides various pathways for individuals seeking residency

People, Culture and Customs in Gibraltar

Gibraltar is a British overseas territory close to the southernmost tip of the Iberian Peninsula. Its northern border is Spain, and its size is 6.7 km2 (2.6 sq mi). Over 32,000 Gibraltarians live in the metropolitan region at the foot of the Rock of Gibraltar, which dominates the surrounding landscape. The largest city and administrative center of Gibraltar is Westside.

Gibraltar's unique blend of British and Mediterranean influences creates a vibrant and cosmopolitan lifestyle. Residents can enjoy a diverse range of culinary experiences, cultural festivals, and a thriving arts scene. The territory's stunning natural beauty, including the iconic Rock of Gibraltar and picturesque beaches, provides ample opportunities for outdoor activities and a high quality of life.

About four-fifths of the population are Gibraltarians.  Spanish, Genoese, Maltese, Moroccan, Jewish, Indian, and Portuguese immigrants, among others, have lived in Gibraltar throughout its history. These immigrants, together with British settlers, have helped to create a diverse and multiracial population. Roman Catholicism is the most frequent religion practiced in Gibraltar. However, many other Christian denominations and non-Christian faiths are also represented there, including Jewish, Muslim, Hindu, Baha'i, and Jehovah's Witnesses.

Gibraltar illustrates how people of many ethnicities and religious beliefs can coexist in harmony and peace. Gibraltar's official language is English, though Spanish and English occasionally mix in conversation. This native "dialect" is called "Yanito."


Government and Legal System in Gibraltar

Gibraltar has a substantial amount of autonomy. The Gibraltar Constitution Order from 2006 serves as its written constitution. In addition to upholding fundamental liberties, this establishes a democratic government in the Westminster tradition. Additionally, it outlines the duties of the government. The legal system in Gibraltar is similar to that in England. It is a common law country where equity concepts are used. The Acts approved by the Gibraltar Parliament and the few English Acts of Parliament that have been made relevant to Gibraltar by Orders in Council make up Gibraltar's statute law. The Gibraltar Parliament typically enacts Gibraltar's statutory laws. Gibraltar's statute law often follows the pattern of English law.

Gibraltar has parliamentary elections every four years and is self-governing. The elected parliament manages all facets of the territory's administration, including taxation, healthcare, education, and law enforcement. Gibraltar is self-sufficient, and the UK's responsibilities are restricted to defence and foreign policy. Gibraltar has solid ties to the United Kingdom as a British Overseas Territory.


Gibraltar's robust financial sector and favorable business environment make it an appealing destination for company formation and entrepreneurship

Gibraltar's robust financial sector and favorable business environment make it an appealing destination for company formation and entrepreneurship

Education in Gibraltar

Between the ages of five and fifteen, education is free and compulsory. There are many public primary schools as well as two comprehensive high schools. Additionally, there are military and private institutions, a trade school, and a school for kids with impairments.


Economy in Gibraltar

The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is $2.04 billion USD. GDP per capita is around $43,000.00 USD. Gibraltar benefits from a sizable maritime industry, offshore finance, and its standing as a hub for international conferences. Now only making up around 11% of the local economy, and the British military presence has drastically decreased.

Thirty percent of the GDP comes from the banking sector. Other sources of income include shipping service fees, tariffs on consumer products, tourism (over 11 million visitors in 2012) and tourism-related revenue. In recent years, Gibraltar underwent a significant structural shift from a public to a private sector economy. However, changes in government spending continue to have a substantial influence on employment levels.



Companies and non-residents are exempt from paying income tax unless the source of their revenue is or is presumed to be from inside Gibraltar. If a person has their primary residence in Gibraltar, they must pay tax on their worldwide earnings from a job or self-employment.

Gibraltar does not have capital gains, wealth, sales, or a value-added tax. All products are subject to a 10% import duty payment. Corporation tax and social insurance payments are the major taxes imposed on businesses.


To become a resident of Gibraltar, individuals must obtain a residency certificate

To become a resident of Gibraltar, individuals must obtain a residency certificate

Health Care Services in Gibraltar

Funding for the Medical Group Practice Scheme comes from grants and required weekly payments through social insurance. The spouses and children of persons enrolled under the scheme are also eligible to get benefits, in addition to the registered person. Patients will be transported to the UK or Spain for specialized care if their ailments cannot be handled locally.


Related content: Top Notch Health Care In Panama For Pennies On The Dollar


Several physicians and hospitals offer medical evaluation and care. The Hospital Savings Association (HSA), the British United Provident Association (BUPA), and Le Carte Healthcare are a few examples of private medical insurance programs.



Gibraltar offers a range of advantages to its residents. These include attractive tax benefits, such as low income tax rates, no capital gains tax, and no inheritance tax. Additionally, Gibraltar's robust financial sector and favorable business environment make it an appealing destination for company formation and entrepreneurship.

To become a resident of Gibraltar, individuals must obtain a residency certificate. This certificate serves as an official document confirming one's residency status and is necessary for various administrative and legal purposes. The process typically involves providing necessary documentation and meeting specific criteria established by the Gibraltar government.

The Immigration Asylum and Refugee Act of Gibraltar allow the Governor to grant the necessary permit to any person who, in his or her opinion, is of good character and to whom he or she believes it is in the best interests of Gibraltar to grant such a permit. A residency application must comply with these requirements.

In reality, the application is made to the Governor's designated Principal Immigration Officer, who shall use his discretion within the confines of the Act and immigration law as per the Governor's instructions after consulting with the Government.

EU citizens are granted certain resident rights under the Immigration Asylum and Refugee Act. A person who is self-employed or who is expected to remain employed for a period of twelve months is eligible for a permit of residence, which is typically issued for a period of twelve months and is renewable after that if the applicant's circumstances have not changed and they continue to meet the requirements.


Related content: The Basics Of How To Get A Second Passport Or A Second Residency


In addition, everyone from the EU has the right to live there under the EU Rights of Residence Directive. They can successfully apply for a residence permit even if they are not employed as long as they can persuade the Principal Immigration Officer that:

  • They won't become a financial burden on society
  • They have a place to live and private, full-risk health insurance that extends to Gibraltar and covers repatriation for themselves and their dependents. (At this time, the Gibraltar Health Service is solely available to UK retirees)

The Immigration Asylum and Refugee Act lays out the fundamental standards that must be met in order to grant such a permit, but the government of Gibraltar has also released recommendations that emphasize variables that should be taken into account when evaluating residence applications. Below is a summary of them:

  • Acquiring a home large enough to serve as the applicant's primary residence and that of his entire family
  • The applicant must demonstrate his sound health
  • The applicant must demonstrate that he has sufficient financial means to support himself and his family without depending on public resources.

Gibraltar presents an enticing prospect for those seeking a new place to call home

Gibraltar presents an enticing prospect for those seeking a new place to call home

The residence application process is more difficult for citizens of non-EU countries, such as the US or China. Non-EU citizens do not necessarily have the right to live there. Despite this, the Governor has the option to award a residence permit to any individual who, in the Governor's judgment, is of good character where doing so would be in the interests of Gibraltar under section 19(c) of the Immigration, Asylum and Refugee Act. The Governor has exclusive authority over how long the permission will be valid. But having a work permit will be very advantageous while applying.

Applications under the provisions of the Immigration Asylum and Refugee Act are often only accepted from non-EU nationals who may significantly benefit Gibraltar through investment, job creation, or other means. Applications are submitted to the Governor through the Administrative Secretary's and Deputy Governor's offices. On such applications, the government will be consulted.

There are three different methods by that a person can apply for residency:

  • Employee
  • Self-employed
  • Self-sufficient

All candidates must present the following documentation in order to apply for a Civilian Registration Card:

  • Completed application form
  • Certified copy of passport
  • Proof of income/savings
  • Passport photo
  • Proof of address

Proof of address

  • Rental agreements or deeds alone will be considered as proof of address.
  • Utility invoices won't be accepted.


The property market in Gibraltar provides individuals with diverse choices to suit their lifestyle and preferences

The property market in Gibraltar provides individuals with diverse choices to suit their lifestyle and preferences


Living in Gibraltar is thrilling. You will undoubtedly love your stay in Gibraltar, whether you are moving there to look for new work prospects, start a business, or simply to retire and enjoy the beaches. Becoming a resident of Gibraltar offers individuals the opportunity to experience a unique blend of British charm and Mediterranean allure in a thriving jurisdiction. With its favorable tax advantages, diverse property options, and vibrant lifestyle, Gibraltar presents an enticing prospect for those seeking a new place to call home. By understanding the details of the residency process, individuals can embark on a journey towards establishing themselves in this remarkable enclave on the southern tip of Europe.


Investors Workshop Capitalizing On The Globally Recognized Resort Brand Coming To Panama (2)



I help my clients to move offshore for freedom, privacy and autonomy by focusing on the immigration, legal, and tax issues that you will face when becoming an expat. If you would like to work one-on-one with me on getting out of your home country (or setting up a Plan-B location), then read this important letter and fill in an application form to become a Private Client. My fees are not cheap; however, I can assure you that when you work with a professional firm like ours, the results will be worth it.



If you want the best intel from the expat world, including profitable offshore opportunities, little-known tax-saving strategies, and hard-won insights on immigration, passports, and Plan-B residencies, all delivered to your inbox every single week, then join our daily correspondence, EMS Pulse. Currently enjoyed by over 37,000 expats and expat-hopefuls worldwide. Fill in the form below to join our newsletter free:


Mikkel Thorup

Written by Mikkel Thorup

Mikkel Thorup is the world’s most sought-after expat consultant. He focuses on helping high-net-worth private clients to legally mitigate tax liabilities, obtain a second residency and citizenship, and assemble a portfolio of foreign investments including international real estate, timber plantations, agricultural land and other hard-money tangible assets. Mikkel is the Founder and CEO at Expat Money®, a private consulting firm started in 2017. He hosts the popular weekly podcast, the Expat Money Show, and wrote the definitive #1-Best Selling book Expat Secrets - How To Pay Zero Taxes, Live Overseas And Make Giant Piles Of Money, and his second book: Expats Guide On Moving To Mexico.

Recent Posts

E-Apostilles: The Easiest Way To Legalize Your Documents

E-Apostilles: The Easiest Way To Legalize Your Documents

Dealing with bureaucracy, though often stressful, is an unavoidable aspect of interacting with public administration. Whether you're obtaining...

Continue Reading
Golden Opportunities: Using Self-Directed IRAs To Purchase Precious Metals

Golden Opportunities: Using Self-Directed IRAs To Purchase Precious Metals

During the Covid-19 pandemic, the UK faced a significant financial upheaval, highlighting a crucial lesson for financial planning. UK pension funds,...

Continue Reading
Investing In Your Freedom: The Benefits Of A Second Passport

Investing In Your Freedom: The Benefits Of A Second Passport

A solid international strategy goes way beyond tax mitigation and asset protection – it also includes global mobility and freedom. Because of the...

Continue Reading