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Is The Vanuatu Citizenship By Investment Program Right For You

Vanuatu is an archipelago of 83 islands in the South Pacific Ocean consisting of 12,274 square kilometres (about half the size of Wales), although most of that is water. Modern Vanuatu declared its independence from England and France in 1980, the cumulation of a long period of decolonization. Vanuatu has many tropical forests but is surprisingly tame when it comes to the biodiversity of land animals. 

That being said, there are a number of species indigenous to the islands, including the Vanuatu flying fox. On the other hand, there is a rich variety of marine life, and there are even rumoured to be a few saltwater crocodiles lurking about.

The climate is quite idyllic, ranging between 22 and 30 degrees centigrade. Summer lasts for nine months, and then you have a brief period of slightly cooler weather. There are three official languages, Bislama, English, and French, although there are an additional 113 languages indigenous to the region spoken there as well. Vanuatuan cuisine is heavily focused on fish and vegetables, and fresh fruit is widely enjoyed as well. 

Unfortunately, Vanuatu is plagued by natural disasters. Considered the world’s most at-risk country for natural hazards, Vanuatu regularly experiences earthquakes, cyclones, landslides, and tsunamis. Vanuatu lies on the ring of fire, the meeting point of two tectonic plates, which is the underlying cause of all this activity.


VANUATU development support program

The modern Vanuatu citizenship by investment program originated in 2017 but Vanuatu actually started offering second passports as early as 1997. 

The latest program, known as the Vanuatu Development Support Program, offers citizenship to individuals around the world at a relatively inexpensive price. The goal of this program was to attract foreign revenue, as well as to stimulate the economy and create jobs. Vanuatu has an extremely underdeveloped economy, and the Vanuatu Citizenship by Investment program is the primary source of revenue for the Vanuatu government.

One of the selling points of the Vanuatu Development Support Program was that anyone was welcome. However, this has created some controversy, as Vanuatu passports were allegedly sold to wanted criminals, like the Cajee brothers from South Africa who ran a Bitcoin exit scam stealing billions of dollars in cryptocurrency from investors. Other individuals with criminal histories have also managed to obtain Vanuatuan passports, like disgraced Turkish businessman Hayyam Garipoglu and Gianluigi Torzi from Italy, giving rise to questions about the ability of Vanuatu to do due diligence when it comes to vetting Citizenship by Investment applicants.

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Map of Vanuatu


Vanuatu is a tax haven. There are no taxes on income (for individuals and for corporations, except you must pay tax on rental income), capital gains, inheritance, or gifts. There is a VAT of 12.5% so it’s not quite perfect. A lot of the people in Vanuatu live through subsistence agriculture and fishing, so there isn’t really much point in having a modern tax system there. And actually, Vanuatu’s status as a tax haven plays an important role in its overall economy, attracting foreign investment and high-net-worth individuals who are sick of paying taxes.



Vanuatu Vatu


The application process is fairly straightforward. With the traditional Vanuatu citizenship by investment program, you are looking at a cost of between $130,000 and $180,000. You also have to demonstrate financial solvency to the tune of $500,000 in assets. 

  • $130,000 for a single individual
  • $150,000 for a married couple
  • $165,000 for a family of three 
  • $180,000 for a family of four. 
  • $10,000 for additional family members

Once you have proven your financial solvency, you have to pass a background check. There is also a $5,000 application fee, which is non-refundable. Once you pass the check, you submit all of your documentation and apply for citizenship. You won’t have to wait long, the Vanuatu government relies heavily on its CBI program for revenue, and applications are processed very quickly. Usually, the wait is about a month or two. Once you are approved, there is a citizenship ceremony and you get your passport. In fact, as of 2021, and because of the pandemic, you didn’t even need to go to Vanuatu for the ceremony but could do the whole thing over teleconferencing. 

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Sky View of Vanuatu Island

Port Vila, Vanuatu 


  • Vanuatu is a tax haven. There is no income tax, no corporate tax, and Vanuatu has the lowest taxes in the world. No capital gains tax. No wealth tax. Nothing.
  • It is literally an island paradise. Pleasant climate, warm all year round. Great place to live.
  • No residency requirements. Stay or go as you please. Nobody cares.
  • No language requirements. French and English are dominant languages spoken there anyway.
  • Hereditary citizenship for any children you might have.
  • Currently, as of this writing, you will have visa-free travel to 98 countries. (When the EU opens back up in the Spring of 2023 they will have visa-free travel to 132)
  • Minimal cost for citizenship compared to other CBI programs.


Coral Reefs in Vanuatu

Coral Reefs in Vanuatu

an uncertain future

There are some rumours about the closure of the Vanuatu citizenship by investment program. The E.U. has temporarily suspended visa on arrival benefits for Vanuatuan citizens, on account of rumours that international fugitives have been granted Vanuatuan citizenship. The Vanuatuan government had not been doing its due diligence on vetting citizenship by investment applicants. At the moment visa-free travel for Vanuatuan citizens to the E.U. has only been suspended until February 2023, but this backlash has threatened the survival of Vanuatu's citizenship by investment program. Other countries are also considering revoking Vanuatuan visa exempt privileges. So if you are counting on a Vanuatuan passport to see the world, you may want to reconsider, or at least see if the efforts on the part of the Vanuatuan government to clean up their act bear fruit.



I help my clients to move offshore for freedom, privacy and autonomy by focusing on the immigration, legal, and tax issues that you will face when becoming an expat. If you would like to work one-on-one with me on getting out of Canada or the USA (or setting up a Plan-B location), then read this important letter and fill in an application form to become a Private Client. My fees are not cheap, however, I can assure you that when you work with a professional, your risks can be reduced considerably.

Mikkel Thorup

Written by Mikkel Thorup

Mikkel Thorup is the world’s most sought-after expat consultant. He focuses on helping high-net-worth private clients to legally mitigate tax liabilities, obtain a second residency and citizenship, and assemble a portfolio of foreign investments including international real estate, timber plantations, agricultural land and other hard-money tangible assets. Mikkel is the Founder and CEO at Expat Money™, a private consulting firm started in 2017. He hosts the popular weekly podcast, the Expat Money Show, and wrote the definitive #1-Best Selling book Expat Secrets - How To Pay Zero Taxes, Live Overseas And Make Giant Piles Of Money.

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